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Mutianyu Great Wall

mutianyu-great-wall1Mutianyu Great Wall, situated in Huairou District, 73 kilometers (45.4 miles) northwest from Beijing. It acrosses the mountain ridges connecting Gubeikou to the east and Juyongguan Pass to the west. Along with nearby Huanghua Great Wall and Jiankou Pass.

mutianyu-great-wall3The fortifications of Mutianyu Great Wall make the northern barrier protecting Beijing city and the imperial msusoleums. Its high quality constructions and unique feature makes this section of Great Wall an exciting tourist destination.

Mutianyu Great Wall was first built in Northern Qi (550-577). In Ming Dynasty, General Xu Da constructed the Great Wall on its former base. The Mutianyu Pass was built in 1404. The fortifications and the Great Wall here are featured by many watchtowers on overlapping mountain ranges. The wall, built with slabs of stone, is crenellated on both sides with bricks.

The Mutianyu section has its own characteristics. The coping on both sides of the wall has parapets and battlements, which made it possible to repel foes from either side. The bases of the indented battlements have square holes arched at the top from which soldiers shot at the besiegers. Additional walls with watchtowers were built in order to relieve the enemy's assault on the main wall which is densely distributed with watchtowers, twenty-two in total. The wall runs up and down following the contours of the steep mountainsides. In one section it rises with a gradient of nearly 90 degrees on bare rock posing a challenge to any climbers. In Zhengguantai, three watchtowers stand on the same terrace, a rare occurrence in the structure of the Great Wall.

Entrance Fee: RMB35
Opening Hours: 07:30 to 17:30
Hiking Time: Two and a half hours
Get there: Take Bus no 916 or take tourist Bus No. 6 at Xuanwumen Gate

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